1095-C Form (Employer-Provided Health Insurance Offer and Coverage)
Purpose of Filing Form 1095-C
Employers with 50 or more full-time employees (including full-time equivalent employees) in the previous year use Forms 1094-C and 1095-C to report the information required under sections 6055 and 6056 about offers of health coverage and enrollment in health coverage for their employees. Form 1094-C must be used to report to the IRS summary information for each ALE Member and to transmit Forms 1095-C to the IRS. Form 1095-C is used to report information about each employee to the IRS and to the employee. Forms 1094-C and 1095-C are used in determining whether an ALE Member owes a payment under the employer shared responsibility provisions under section 4980H. Form 1095-C is also used in determining the eligibility of employees for the premium tax credit.
ALE Members that offer employer-sponsored self-insured coverage also use Form 1095-C to report information to the IRS and to employees about individuals who have minimum essential coverage under the employer plan and therefore are not liable for the individual shared responsibility payment for the months that they are covered under the plan.
Who must file?
An ALE Member must file one or more Forms 1094-C (including a Form 1094-C designated as the Authoritative Transmittal, whether or not filing multiple Forms 1094-C), and must file a Form 1095-C for each employee who was a full-time employee of the ALE Member for any month of the calendar year. Generally, the ALE Member is required to furnish a copy of the Form 1095-C (or a substitute form) to the employee.
An ALE Member is, generally, a single person or entity that is an Applicable Large Employer, or if applicable, each person or entity that is a member of an Aggregated ALE Group. An Applicable Large Employer, generally, is an employer with 50 or more full-time employees (including full-time equivalent employees) in the previous year. For purposes of determining if an employer or group of employers is an Applicable Large Employer, all ALE Members under common control (an Aggregated ALE Group) are aggregated together. If the Aggregated ALE Group, taking into account the employees of all ALE Members in the group, employed on average 50 or more full-time employees (including full-time equivalent employees) on business days during the preceding calendar year, then the Aggregated ALE Group is an Applicable Large Employer and each separate employer within the group is an ALE Member. Each ALE Member is required to file Forms 1094-C and 1095-C reporting offers of coverage to its full-time employees (even if the ALE Member has fewer than 50 full-time employees of its own).
Reporting by Employers That Sponsor Self-Insured Health Plans
An employer that offers health coverage through a self-insured
health plan must report information about each individual
enrolled in such coverage. For an employer that is an ALE
Member, this information must be reported on Form 1095-C,
Part III, for any employee who is enrolled in coverage (and any
spouse or dependent of that employee). See below for the
option to file Form 1094-B and Form 1095-B, rather than Form
1094-C and Form 1095-C, to report coverage of certain
ALE Members that offer health coverage through an employer-sponsored self-insured health plan must complete Form 1095-C, Parts I, II, and III, for any employee who enrolls in the health coverage, whether or not the employee is a full-time employee for any month of the calendar year.
For full-time employees enrolled in an ALE Member's self-insured coverage, including an employee who was a full-time employee for at least one month of the calendar year, the ALE Member must complete Form 1095-C, Part II, according to the generally applicable instructions, and should not enter code 1G on line 14 for any month. For an employee enrolled in an ALE Member's self-insured coverage who is not a full-time employee for any month of the calendar year (meaning that for all 12 calendar months the employee was not a full-time employee), for Form 1095-C, Part II, the ALE Member must enter code 1G on line 14 in the "All 12 Months" column or in the separate monthly boxes for all 12 calendar months, and the ALE Member need not complete Part II, lines 15 and 16.
An employer that offers employer-sponsored self-insured health coverage but is not an ALE Member should not file Forms 1094-C and 1095-C, but should instead file Forms 1094-B and 1095-B to report information for employees who enrolled in the employer-sponsored self-insured health coverage.
One Form 1095-C for Each Employee of ALE Member
For each full-time employee of an ALE Member, there must be
only one Form 1095-C filed for employment with that ALE
Member. For example, if an ALE Member separately reports for
each of its two divisions, the ALE Member must combine the
offer and coverage information for any employee who worked at
both divisions during the calendar year so that a single Form
1095-C is filed for the calendar year for that employee which
reports information for all 12 months of the calendar year from
that ALE Member.
When To File?
You will meet the requirement to file Forms 1094-C and 1095-C
if the forms are properly addressed and mailed on or before the
due date. If the regular due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or
legal holiday, file by the next business day. A business day is
any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
Generally, you must file Forms 1094-C and 1095-C by February 28 if filing on paper (or March 31 if filing electronically) of the year following the calendar year to which the return relates. For calendar year 2016, Forms 1094-C and 1095-C are required to be filed by February 28, 2017, or March 31, 2017, if filing electronically.
You can get an automatic 30-day extension of time to file by completing Form 8809, Application for Extension of Time To File Information Returns. The form may be submitted on paper, or through the FIRE System either as a fill-in form or an electronic file. No signature or explanation is required for the extension. However, you must file Form 8809 on or before the due date of the returns in order to get the 30-day extension. Under certain hardship conditions you may apply for an additional 30-day extension. See the instructions for Form 8809 for more information.
Electronic Filing Requirements
If you are required to file 250 or more information returns, you must file electronically. The 250-or-more requirement applies separately to each type of form filed and separately for original and corrected returns. For example, if you must file 500 Forms 1095-B and 100 Forms 1095-C, you must file Forms 1095-B electronically, but you are not required to file Forms 1095-C electronically. If you have 150 Forms 1095-C to correct, you may file the corrected returns on paper because they fall under the 250 threshold. However, if you have 300 Forms 1095-C to correct, they must be filed electronically. The electronic filing requirement does not apply if you apply for and receive a hardship waiver. The IRS encourages you to file electronically even though you are filing fewer than 250 returns.