1099-INT Form (Interest Income)

Purpose of Filing Form 1099-INT

If you receive a 1099-INT, the tax form that reports most payments of interest income, you may not have to pay income tax on the interest it reports. However, you may still need to report it on your return.

The Internal Revenue Service requires most payments of interest income to be reported on tax form 1099-INT by the person or entity that makes the payments. This is most commonly a bank, other financial institution or government agency. If you receive a 1099-INT, you may not have to pay income tax on the interest it reports, but you may still need to report it on your return.

1099-INT Filing Requirements

When you file your taxes, you do not need to attach copies of the 1099-INT forms you receive, but you do need to report the information from the forms on your tax return. That is because each bank, financial institution or other entity that pays you at least $10 of interest during the year must prepare a 1099-INT, send you a copy by January 31 and file it with the IRS. The IRS uses the information on the 1099-INT to ensure you report the correct amount of interest income on your tax return.

Specific Instructions for 1099-INT Form

File Form 1099-INT, Interest Income, for each person:

  • To whom you paid amounts reportable in boxes 1, 3, and 8 of at least $10 (or at least $600 of interest paid in the course of your trade or business described in the instructions for Box 1. Interest Income, later);
  • For whom you withheld and paid any foreign tax on interest; or
  • From whom you withheld (and did not refund) any federal income tax under the backup withholding rules regardless of the amount of the payment.
Report only interest payments made in the course of your trade or business including federal, state, and local government agencies and activities deemed nonprofit, or for which you were a nominee/middleman. Report interest that is taxable OID in box 1 or 8 of Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount, not on Form 1099-INT. Report interest that is tax-exempt OID in box 11 of Form 1099-OID, not on Form 1099-INT. Report exempt-interest dividends from a mutual fund or other regulated investment company (RIC) on Form 1099-DIV.

Exceptions to reporting 1099-INT

No Form 1099-INT must be filed for payments made to exempt recipients or for interest excluded from reporting.

Exempt recipients

You are not required to file Form 1099-INT for payments made to certain payees including, but not limited to, a corporation, a tax-exempt organization, any individual retirement arrangement (IRA), Archer medical savings account (MSA), Medicare Advantage MSA, health savings account (HSA), a U.S. agency, a state, the District of Columbia, a U.S. possession, a registered securities or commodities dealer, nominees or custodians, brokers, or notional principal contract (swap) dealers. For additional exempt recipients, see Regulations section 1.6049-4 for more information. For situations when your are required to file Form 1099-INT for certain recipients that are otherwise generally exempt, but that receive credits from tax credit bonds

Interest excluded from reporting

You are not required to file Form 1099-INT for interest on an obligation issued by an individual, interest on amounts from sources outside the United States paid outside the United States by a non-U.S. payer or non-U.S. middleman, certain portfolio interest, interest on an obligation issued by an international organization and paid by that organization, and payments made to a foreign beneficial owner or foreign payee.